Weightlifting Terminology

Before we progress any further, some commonly used weightlifting terminology needs to be understood.

A repetition (often called a “rep”) is a single completion through the full range of motion of a particular exercise. At the end of one repetition the weight that you are lifting should be at the same location that it was at when you started the repetition. For example, if you are doing push-ups (in this case the weight is your own body weight), you would start with your arms straight then lower yourself towards the ground and push yourself back up until your arms are straight again. That is one repetition.
One Repetition Maximum (1RM)
The maximum amount of weight with which you are able to complete one full repetition of a given exercise.
A set is a certain number of repetitions performed consecutively without rest. For example, while doing push-ups you might wish to perform one set of twenty repetitions. To complete this set you would need to do twenty push-ups without stopping between each repetition.
Rest means exactly what you would expect it to mean. It is a period of time during which a given muscle group is not active, and is therefore resting. Rest usually refers to the amount of time between sets, measured in minutes, or the amount of time between exercise sessions, measured in days.
In weightlifting terms intensity is a measure of the amount of tension created in a muscle, and the best way to control it is through the amount of weight that you lift.
Duration measures actual weightlifting exertion and rest periods. The number of sets you perform, the number of repetitions you perform per set, and the duration of your rest periods between sets are all duration factors.
Frequency is a measure of how often your exercise sessions occur. Frequency is usually measured on a per week basis. For example, you might complete an entire body workout three times a week.
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